What Are the Two Main Causes of Dry Eyes?

Introduction to Dry Eyes

Dry eyes, a condition impacting millions globally, significantly affects the quality of life. At the Dry Eye and Cornea Treatment Center in Tampa, FL, under the expert guidance of Dr. Steven L. Maskin, we delve deep into understanding this prevalent issue. This post aims to illuminate the two main causes of dry eyes, leveraging Dr. Maskin’s extensive research and experience in the field.

Expertise of Dr. Steven L. Maskin:

Dr. Steven L. Maskin, a revered figure in ophthalmology, has dedicated his career to deepening our understanding of dry eye syndrome. His innovative work, notably the Maskin® Probe and Protocol for Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD), stands as a testament to his commitment to developing groundbreaking solutions for those suffering from various eye conditions.

Understanding Dry Eye and MGD:

Dry eye syndrome, characterized by inadequate tear production or excessive tear evaporation, can lead to various discomforts, including persistent irritation, redness, and blurred vision. The two primary causes are:

Decreased Tear Production:

  • Age-Related Changes: As we age, particularly after 50, our bodies produce fewer tears, leading to dry eyes.
  • Health Conditions: Chronic illnesses like diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and thyroid disorders can adversely affect tear production.
  • Medication Impact: Certain drugs, such as antihistamines, decongestants, and antidepressants, have been linked to reduced tear secretion.

Increased Tear Evaporation:

  • Environmental Triggers: Dry air, wind exposure, and prolonged screen time can significantly increase tear evaporation rates.
  • Meibomian Gland Dysfunction: MGD, where the oil glands in the eyelids get clogged, plays a crucial role in dry eye syndrome. Dr. Maskin’s research highlights the importance of addressing MGD for comprehensive dry eye management.

Innovative Treatments and Techniques:

Dr. Maskin’s specialized approach to treating dry eyes, particularly focusing on MGD, involves the Maskin® Probe and Protocol. This innovative method has revolutionized the treatment of dry eyes, offering substantial relief to many patients and leading to significant improvements in their daily lives.

Educational Content:

Managing dry eye syndrome effectively involves both understanding the condition and adopting practical lifestyle changes. Simple adjustments like using humidifiers to maintain moisture in the environment, taking regular breaks during prolonged screen use, and dietary changes such as increasing omega-3 fatty acid intake can provide significant relief.

Impact on Daily Life:

The effects of dry eyes go beyond physical discomfort, often impacting one’s ability to perform daily tasks, enjoy hobbies, or work efficiently. Understanding the root causes and effective management strategies is crucial for improving overall life quality.

Community and Support:

Living with dry eyes can be challenging, but it’s a journey you don’t have to navigate alone. Engaging with a community of individuals facing similar struggles can be incredibly reassuring. Our center, backed by Dr. Maskin’s expertise, is not just about treatment but also about building a supportive network for our patients.


Dry eyes, predominantly caused by decreased tear production and increased tear evaporation, are conditions that, while challenging, can be effectively managed with the right approach and expertise. Under the guidance of Dr. Steven L. Maskin, achieving relief from these symptoms and enhancing overall eye health is a tangible goal. We encourage those suffering from dry eyes to reach out to us to learn more about our tailored treatment plans and how we can assist in restoring comfort and clarity to your eyes.

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